Cognitive therapy (familiarization with the essence of the method)

Cognitive therapy is one of the most common and effective areas of modern psychotherapy. This method is based on the transformation of our inadequate emotions into adequate ones without How does this happen?

Many of our somatic and all psychological disorders are the result of inappropriate negative emotions. Such as depression, anger, fear, shame, guilt, anxiety, jealousy, resentment. Their appearance interrupts our productive activities and impairs our ability to communicate. Unfortunately, such emotions do not pass quickly and torment us for a long time.

In contrast to them, there are adequate emotions, including negative ones, for example: sadness, irritation, concern, chagrin, regret. They do not have a destructive effect on our ability to interact with the outside world, and also do not threaten us with neuroses and psychosomatic diseases. It is worth remembering that emotions are determined by our thoughts. The task of the psychotherapist is to make the patient have rational thoughts with adequate emotions. How to achieve this? It is necessary to identify irrational thoughts, subject them to critical analysis and replace them with rational ones. A psychotherapist will help you fix this with systematic training.

The number of cognitive therapy sessions required is determined by the severity and complexity of the patient’s condition. Classes are held with a frequency of 1 time in 2-3 weeks.

When is cognitive therapy used?

depression (including moderate depression, which was previously curable only in psychiatric hospitals with the use of antidepressants)
anxiety (including panic)
various types of social phobia (stage fright, fear of public speaking, fear of exams)
chemical addictions (including alcoholism and drug addiction)
eating disorders (especially overeating)
intrusive thoughts and actions, intrusive memories after severe stress
chronic pain syndrome
and many other conditions and syndromes.

Cognitive therapy as a method has many advantages. It is a scientifically oriented direction, that is, it has a solid base in the form of the latest achievements in psychology and neurophysiology. The results of treatment can be checked with special tests.

Cognitive therapy has a serious structure of treatment, consisting of sequential steps with feedback from the patient. Within the framework of the treatment process, the relationship between the patient and the therapist is built on the basis of mutual respect. According to many years of research, patients who have been treated with cognitive therapy achieve success even in areas that they previously considered closed to themselves. This means that a lasting effect of the treatment is achieved, which is not only a symptomatic (temporary) improvement. If necessary, cognitive therapy can be carried out in combination with medication.